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1. Canada and the World

Overview

When compared to other members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Canada does very well on one indicator, the number of adults with tertiary education. On other key indicators such as the teacher/student ratio, advanced degrees, research intensity and public funding, Canada is middling at best. On some indicators, Canada is near the bottom – for example, Canada is 26 out of 32 OECD countries in women’s PhD attainment. According to most recent data, Canada ranked 27th overall in 2016 in terms of public funding for post-secondary education and 16th for student-teacher ratios. The country’s annual growth rate on research and development spending is the second lowest since 2000. New OECD data will tell us if Canada’s investments in basic research in 2018 have moved the needle at all in terms of research competitiveness.

Tables

1.1 Gross Domestic Expenditures on R&D, Selected OECD Countries ($US 2017)

In 2016, Canada ranked eighth of OECD countries in gross domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D).

1.2 Higher Education Expenditures on R&D, Selected OECD Countries, 2016

Canada ranked fourth in higher education expenditures on R&D.

1.3 Business Expenditures on R&D, Selected OECD Countries, 2016

Canada ranked ninth in business expenditures on research and development.

1.4 R&D Intensity, Selected OECD Countries

Canada is lagging in the OECD countries with respect to research intensity (expenditure on research and development as a percentage of GDP), the result of a consistent downward trend since 2009.

1.5 Proportion of Public and Private Funding in Tertiary Education, Selected OECD Countries, 2015

Canada has one of the lowest proportions of public funding of all OECD countries. It is ranked 27th in terms of the proportion of public funding versus private funding.

1.6 Average Salaries for Full-time University Teachers in the United States, 2017-2018 (USD)

This table shows the average salaries for full-time university teachers by rank at doctoral, comprehensive and baccalaureate institutions in the United States.

1.7 Student-Teacher Ratios, Public Institutions, Selected OECD Countries, 2016

Canada ranks 16th in terms of student-teacher ratios.

1.8 Percentage of Women Teachers, Selected OECD Countries, 2016

Canada ranks 14th in terms of the percentage of women teachers in tertiary education.

1.9 Educational Attainment of Population, Ages 25-64, Selected OECD Countries, 2016​

Canada ranks first in tertiary educational attainment of the OECD countries.

1.10 International Student Mobility and Foreign Students in Tertiary Education, Selected OECD Countries, 2016

Canada has a relatively low ratio of students going abroad as international students.

1.11 PhD Attainment Rates by Sex, Selected OECD Countries, 2016

Canada is 26th out of 32 OECD countries in women’s PhD attainment.

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