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Almanac of Post-Secondary Education

The CAUT Almanac of Post-Secondary Education in Canada is your source for the most current statistical information available on post-secondary education in Canada. The Almanac provides statistics on university and college finances; academic staff salaries and gender; student enrolment and graduation rates; student-teacher ratios; university research funding; and national, provincial, and international comparisons.

Table of Contents

Published by

Canadian Association of
University Teachers


James Compton

Executive Director

David Robinson

Senior Research Officer

Larry Dufay

Research Analyst

John Hollingsworth

Research Analyst

Robert Johnson

Executive Assistant (Communications)

Jocelyne Fortier

Administrative Assistant (Research)

Constance Hewitt

Graphic Design

Kevin Albert

Technical Notes

Excel Files

All tables and figures are available as downloadable Microsoft Excel files.


Unless otherwise noted, the definitions below reflect the population universe used when referenced in the tables.
College: Includes community college or institute of applied arts and technology or CEGEP.
Post-secondary: Includes university, community college or institute of applied arts and technology or CEGEP, and trade/vocational schools, but excludes business/commercial schools.

italics :    Estimated results

p:     Preliminary estimate
r:    Revised estimate
-:    No results or results unavailable
--:    Results statistically insignificant
x:    Results suppressed for confidentiality
E    Use with caution


FTE = Full-time equivalent [(full-time figures) plus (part-time figures divided by 3.5)]
FYE = Fiscal year ending
GDP = Gross Domestic Product
SSHRC = Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council
NSERC = Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council
CIHR = Canadian Institutes of Health Research
CFI = Canada Foundation for Innovation

Throughout the CAUT Almanac of Post-Secondary Education, reference is often made to dollars adjusted for inflation. The format followed (for example, $ 2013) indicates the year to which all other years have been standardized

Photo Credit / Prasit Rodphan

Previous Editions

This is the first online edition of the Almanac. CAUT will no longer be publishing printed or PDF versions.


In the published version of the 2008-2009 CAUT Almanac of Post-Secondary Education in Canada some of the sources and footnotes for a number of tables and figures were labelled incorrectly. These errors have been corrected in the on-line version.

For readers using the hardcopy version of the Almanac, you can download a reference table to find the correct source/footnote for each table and figure.